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February 4, 1915     The Osage County Herald-Choronicle
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February 4, 1915
 

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f R ec f MICHA EL, DANEVITCH True Talcs Russian Secret Service EditeJ by GEORGE T. PARDY (Copyright by W. The Million Rouble Robbery One evening toward the end of sum- mer four government officials left Moscow for St. Petersburg in charge of au enormous amount of money, artly in specie, but for the most part :in Russian rouble notes. The money was consigned to the treasury in St. Petersburg. All the officials had been tn the government service for a long dine and were selected for "this spe- cial duty on account of their trust- worthiness and the confidence reposed in them by the heads of the depart- ments to which they belonged. The oldest man and the ane in command of the little party was upwards of seventy yeaes of age. He had been 4n the government service for 40 years tnd was greatly trusted and respected. His name was Popoff. The next in zeniorlty was Ivan Basllovttch, who had been 33 years in the service. then came Strogonoff, with 28 years' tervlce, and lastly a young man named 8riazga, with ten years and a half to his credit in the government service. in addition to these four government sfficers, four gendarmes, fully armed, accompanied the treasure as a guard of safety. The party traveled by the ordinary train, but had a special sa- loon carriage, the packages of money being placed at one end. The only doors to the carriage were at the op- posite end, one on each side, the off- side door being locked by means of a secret lock which could not be opened except with the proper key. The bullion was carried in oak boxes fastened with iron bands. The notes were in small square boxes, sewn up in strong canvas. In addi- tion they were securely corded with fine but extraordinarily tough cord which was manufactured especially for the government and could not be need except for government purposes. Every package bore the state seal. Anyone unlawfully breaking the seal was guilty, according to the law of Russia, of treason, and liable to death or banishment to Siberia. In due course the train reached St. Peters- burg where the packages of money were examined, counted in the .rail- way carriage and found correct. They were then loadel into a covered gov- rnment wagon, counted and examined  again, and also found correct; and all being ready, the wagon drove off, ac- companied by the four officials and the gendarmes. At the treasury the packages were once again counted, examined and found correct, and the deputy of the minister of finance himself gave the necessary receipt to the head officer. The important duty being thus completed the gendarmes were dismissed to their quarters and the officers went to their respective homes. In the course of the next day Michael Danevitch received a sudden command to attend without a mo- ment's delay at the bureau of the chief of police. The latter official told the detective about the money having been removed from Moscow to St. Petersburg the previous night, and added: "This morning, in the presence of the mlnister of finance and the official staff, the Narlous packages were opened. Two of the note boxes, al- though intact as regards seals and cords, and which ought to have con- tained 500,000 rouble notes each. were found to b stuffed with blank paper. The minister requests that you be as- signed to the case, so you will pro- seed to take up the matter at once." Danevitch betook himself to the treasury and was conducted into the presence of the minister of finance, from whom he learned all the details of the transit of the money. After making certain investigations in St. Petersburg, he proceeded to Moscow, where he satisfied himself from the evidence laid before him that the mouey left the Moscow treasury all right: and it was impossible that the boxes could have been exchanged b tween the treasury and the railway station The treasure was conveyed in a closed wagon, which was locked r.nd barred, and in lts passage through " the city guarded by 12 mounted sol- diers. At the station the wagon was backed up to the railway carriage and unpacked in the presence of quite a little army of officials. Unless there had been a huge conspiracy.the boxes could not have been pluudered there. The next phase of inquiry was that of ascertaining as much as possible about the four government officials who traveled in charge of the treas- ure. Danevltch's inquiries elicited the they bore Irreproachable aracters and were held in high as- in the department. Popoff was .-.  & married man with a family. He was in receipt of a good salary and peared to be free from financial worries of anY kind. The same re- mark8 applied to BasllovRch and Btrogonoff. They were both married and family men and to all appear. aneee in comfortable circumstances. Briars was unmarried, but he was regarded as a very steady, well-to-do 'oung fellow, and was known to be tl main support of his father, moth- G, Chapman) er, and an only sister, named Olga. She was younger than her brother, and owing to an injury of the spine received when a child, had been an invalid all her life. The detective's researches convinced him that the robbery had been com- mitted while the money was in transit between the two towns. Also it was perfectly clear that careful arrange- ments had been made beforehand by the thieves, because the facsimile boxes had been prepared in advance; the cord used to bind the false boxes was government cord, and the govern- ment seal was so cleverly imitated that the forgery could on|y be de- tected after close inspection. All of which proved conclusively that there was a traitor in the camp. From the moment that he had gathered up the details of the affair he had set a watch upon the movements of the eight men who had traveled with the treasure from Moscow to St. Peters- burg. The gendarmes belonged to Moscow, and had returned, and though watched carefully had done nothing to arouse suspicion The four govern- ment officials were also watched, but no sign came from them. Five weeks after the robbery a fe- male peddler left St. Petersburg by the Moscow train. She did not book to Moscow, however, but to a place called Vishni Volotchok, about mid- way between the cities She bore with her a big basket, containing a stock of slippers, boots, shoes and sabots. In due course she reached her destina- tion and proceeded to the residence of a landed proprietor named Ivan Golov- nln. It was almost dark when the old woman reached the house where she tried to sell some of her wares to the servants, but was not successful. Then she pleaded illness, and with true Russion hospitality the servants took her into the great kitchen and made her up a bed by the stove. As she had not recovered her health the following morning she was allowed to remain, and stayed for three days, at the end of which she returned to St. Petersburg. Another fortnight sltpped away and as Danevitch had not given any sign to the chief that he was making progress, that official grew Impatient, and visited the minister of finance. "I regret, your excellency," he said, "that we hae made no discovery re- garding the treasury robbery. Dane- pitch does not appear to have accom- plished anything, and I am of the opinion that the case should be placed in other hands." The minister shook his head. "No," he aid curtly; "l am opposed to any change being made. I have full con- fidence in Danevltch. 'And. by the way, on next Thursday there is to be a wedding in the Church of St. Sophia. A daughter of one of my subordinates is to marry Peter Golovntn, the son of a wealthy landed proprietor. Curi- ously enough, I met Danevttch last night and he asked me if l was go- lag to the wedding. I told him no, that I had no invitation: whereupon he expressed surprise that my subor- dinate had not paid me the compli- ment of inviting me. At the moment "4 did not attach any importance to the remark, but on pondering over It I fancy that Danevitch had a deep motive in what he said. At all events, I shall go to the wedding on the chance that something strange may occur. ' The marriage in question was rather a grand affair. Peter Golovnin, the bridegroom was a good-looking young man of about six and twenty. The bride was two years younger, with pretty features but suffering from some affection of the spine which had cruelly distorted her figure. Her name was Olga, and she was the only sister of Briazga, the government clerk in the finance department, who was present during the ceremony. The minister of finance was also in evidence, but nothing unusual oc- curred. Suddenly Briazga, espying the minister, approached him and said: "You honor us. sir. by gracing the ceremony with your presence. We are comparatively poor people, and I felt that it was too humble an affair to ask you to come to it. But now that you are here, i trust you will Join the luncheon party at my house?" The minister excused himself on the score of business engagements; but five minutes ater, when Briazga had left him, and he was going out of the church, Danevttch came up to him. "I saw you talking to Brlazga," re- marked the detective. "Did you? Where were you? I didn't notice you in the church." ,Perhaps not, but I wasn't far away. Briazga has invited you to the luncheon, as I thought he would. As you were present your subordinate couldn't very well avoid asking ye. Nevertheless, he doesn't really desire your presence. I, hob, ever, would like you to go. A little drama may be an, acted in which you can play a part." Knowing Danevitch as he did, the minister realized that he must have some good reason for making this simple request, and without asking further questions he sent a note to Brtazga, stating that he had changed his mind and would be present at t ! O,AGE f'I'TTNTY f'T..TWI"W'TT ,. RTT'iT,T'PT & 1  A  a wedding feast. Soon after the wed- ding party arrived at the house an old woman, a professional fortune-teller, presented herself and begged to be admitted. As the Russians are a superstitious people, they encourage these fortune-tellers, and the bride- groom, who was hilarious with vodka and wine, was the first applicant to have hls fortune told. The seer into the future produced a pack of cards, jumbled them up to- gether, then repacked them and told the bridegroom to cut them four times, and the bride three. That done, the fortune-teller lald the cards out in five rows and said: "There is some evil influence ob- structlng the charm. Can you, sir" addressing the bridegroom--'place on the table 5,000 rouble notes? That perhaps will break the spell." It was a common thing for fortune- tellers to request that small sums of money be produced, but this was an unusually large amount, and there was a general murmur of surprise, while Briazga appeared to be partic- ularly uneasy and troubled. But Peter Golovnin, with a boastful air and a drunken leer on his face, brought forth a leather wallet stuffed full of notes. With unsteady hand he counted out five notes of the value of 1,000 roubles each, and laid them on the table. The fortune-teller took them up, and turning to the minister of finance, who was standing close beside her, thrust the notes into his hand, exclaiming: "You axe an officer of the state, sir. These notesl are forged. Ask the bridegroom, your excellency, why he carries false money in his purse." The minister raised his hand to The origin of the notes must be traced." With a dignified how to the dumb- founded company he passed out of the room and left the house, carrying the notes with him. On reaching his offi- cial residence he found a letter await- Ing him. It was from Danevitch, and read as follows: "Your Excellency: I am suddenly called away from St. Petersburg, but shall be back in three days' time. I am happy to say that I can restore the whole of the stolen notes to the treasury. I hope your excellency en- joyed yourself at the house of Briazga on the occasion of the wedding feast." True to his promise, Danevitch re- turned in three days' time, and to the amazement of all concerned, he duty delivered to the treasury the whole of the missing million roubles, and was enabled to lay such information before the authorities that Briazga and Ivan and Peter Golovnin were im- mediately arrested. Ivan Golovnin lived at Vishni Volot- chok, where he owned some property. He was an old man and had been married twice. By his second wife he had one son, Peter. This young fellow had been a managing clerk in a fur store in St. Petersburg and had known Brlazga's family some years. Olga Briazga had fallen desperately in love wlth him, but her deformity prevented him reciprocating her pas- sion. Between Olga and her brother an extraordinary affection existed, and when he saw that she was breaking her heart about Peter. he told the latter that he would enrich him If he would marry her. From this a eon- splracy was hatched in which Brlaz- ga, Peter and Peter's father Joined. It up. he came to the conclusion that tle robbery had taken place at Vlshnl Volotcbok. It was obvious that one or more of the eight screens forming the escort must have had some hand in the robbery. He soon determined in his own mind that the gendarmes were guiltless. This reduced the sus- pects to the four government officials. Now, assuming that the deduction was correct, it was no less clear that there must have been a confederate at Vlshni Volotchok; so Danevitch set te work to learn which of the offAcials had any connection with that place, and he soon ascertained that the Briazgas and Golovnins were acquain- ted. Disguised as an old woman, therefore, he penetrated into the Golovnin home. Its found, by close watching, that Peter made frequent Journeys to and fro between the house and a small plantation of firs, about a quarter of a mile away. As there was no apparent reason why the young man should go to the planta- tion so often, the detective was in- duced to search it, with the result that he found the two stolen boxes art- fully concealed in an old quarry, which was almost entirely hidden by creep- ers and brambles. The boxes had been opened,' but the contents were In- tact. It then became necessary that he should spread a net that would capture all the culprits, and he car- ried this out with singular ingenuity. That one. or both, of the Golovnlns had a hand in the robbery was evi- dent, but others were concerned, and they might escape if caution was not observed. When he ascertained" that Peter Golovntn and Olga Brlazga were on the eve of marriage, the plot seemed to make itself clear to him, command silence. When the commo- tion caused by the fortune-teller's un- expected action had subsided he ad. dressed the assembled guests. "The woman is right," he said. "These notes are not genuine. I must ask Mr. Golovnln to allow me to ex- amine the other notes in his wallet." At the request Golovnin produced his pocketbook, without the slightest hesitation, and pulling out a packet of notes handed them. with a thoroughly confident air. to the minister, who at once pronounced them to be forgeries also. Briazga, pallid and trembling, then came forward and having ex- amined the notes, wrung his hands despairingly. "Sir. I am forced to confess that every note there is false," he said nervously. "But I believe that my brother-in.law is the victim of some knavish trick. Is it not possible that the hag of a f0rtune-tller has brought this about by her devilish art?" At this remark all eyes were turned to the spot where the old woman had stood, but she had disappeared. In the hubbub and confusion consequent on the discovery that the notes were forged she had managed to slip away unperceived. "The matter must be fully Investi- gated," said the minister sternly. "I shall have to carry these notes away and consult with the authorities. I have a duty to perform, however un. pleuant the consequences may be. was prearranged that when Briaz- ga was next engaged In the duty of conveying treasure from Moscow to St. Petersburg an attempt should be made to purloin some of it. Finally the opportunity came: Briazga knew a week beforehand that he would be employed on the tuty, and he also knew what money would be removed. Peter at once set to work to pre- pare two facsimile boxes, and to fill them with paper, the whole being the exact weight of the government boxes when filled with a mllllon's worth of rouble notes. The government cord and the forged seal were supplied by Brlazga. The train conveying the treasure stopped for a long time at Vishni Volotchok, that being a buffet station where passengers usually dined or supped. On arriving at Vlshnt Volotchok, the treasure escort went four at a time to the buffet to eat and drink. Briazga was included in the first four. When they had finished they relieved the other four; but the night being sultry, Briasga's party sauntered about the platform smoking, the door of the treasure car. riage being locked. On the plea of getting some tobacco Briazga returned to the carriage; he was not absent more than ten minutes, but during that time he was able to open the off. side door with a secret key, and to hand the two boxes out to Peter, who was lying in wait with the dummies. When Danevitch took the matter and when he gained entrance to tlm marriage feast in the role of fortune- teller, his triumph was complete. In the boxes hidden in the woods hs placed a large number' of cleverly imitated notes, taking the genuine ones away. The imitations had been lying at one of the police bureaus for a long time, having been seized on the premises of a notorious forger. Dane- vltch was sure that Peter Golovnln, the bridegroom, would supply himseff liberally with money from the boxes for his marriage, and If the forged notes were found tn his possession the evidence would be overwhelming. It remains to say that the guilt was brought home to all cOncerned.' The prisoners were condemned to death, as they had committed a crime against the state, but the sentence was com. muted to banishment for life to St boris. Certainly Hard to Suit. "That editor is certainly getting hard to suit," the author remarked in a discouraged voice, gazing madly at a heavy envelope upon his table. "What is the matter?" asked the cheerful friend, who gets a regular salary. "O, he returns the story with the comment that It ts too bald. Last week he wrote that he didn't cars for stories of the hair-raislng kind. Wh can YOn do with a man like tatY" FONDNESSCARRIED TOO "Madame and M. X--- have pleas- ure in inviting Madame Z to a tln of Faahtonable Women to musical evening and dance, which will BeComing, Absurd take place on Saturday, June 6, 1914, Christenlng, Latest Fad, from 5 o'oock, on the occasion of the christening of their Scotch collie How far Will tricity go? Pad- Thanus." Die are actually trying now to have a Needless to say, the chosen guests ceremony of baptism for their dogS. accepted with pleasure. No cerumen- like a Joke, but the Invite, tary is required, It is quite true that v a fashionable becoming more and more Ira- in the scheme of glance at any of the special abode set aside for articles devoted to these fa- vored animals. Their kennels contain dining room and bedroom. Eac dg has its own brush and comb. and its bath of adequate size. One lady goes even further than this in her tove for her pet. he has had a special automobile made for Fide, and It was in this vehicle tha it ar- at the Tuileries on the occasion same opinion as a poor, ragged child looking through the railings, who wished he had a share in the good things showered on the fortunate dog. glee and casting Wistful and aston- ished eyes at the quadrupeds arriving in their special automobiles. Fatst Open Umbrella. No ,e who believes In luck would evening. Only an hour before him wife had opened his umbrella to darn it, and, as the weather looked threat- ening, he took it with him on leavin$ home. A terrific thunderstorm came on while he was out, and while taking refuge under some trees he was struck by lightning and killed on the spot. POINTS TO WATCH IN A Fine Field (By J. V'ESLEY GRIFFIN,) Not all soils will grow alfalfa. Neither will all soils grow wheat and many other grains and, grasses. Al- falfa will grow where corn will make a good crop. The main requirement of alfalfa is good drainage. Alfalfa revels iu sunshine when there is suffi- cient moisture present. On the plains and in the valleys of the West it gets the sunshine it needs while the moisture is furnished from below; frequently it comes from s depth of 25 feet or more. It has been uroved that alfalfa does well under the cloudy skies of Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York. There are some points to carefully watch in growing alfalfa in these states. Some of the soil is acid and ,re- quires lime to overcome this. Ground lime-rock at the rate of 2.000 pounds per acre may be put on with safety, but if caustic lime is applied 650 or 700 pounds per acre is enough as the caustic properties are liable to injure the young plants. Another danger is the liability of the plants to heave out on clay soils when there is a succession of freezes and thaws. The richer the soil the sooner the tap root is established and the dan-; ger from heaving is past. There is a close relationship be- tween the alfalfa plant and the sweet clover plant (melilotus elba). Alfalfa will grow and make fine crops on any laud where sweet clover is found. There are three very important points to keep n view if you are go- ing to plant alfalfa: Good drainage, artificial if not natural: a thorough preparation of the soil; plenty of good pure seed. Use whatever implements you have at hand, but I have found a disk har- row, a No. 40 Oliver Chill turning plow, a plank drag or float, and a sharp-toothed drag harrow to be all that is required in preparing for seed- ing. Set the plow to run as deep as the soil has been broken heretofore and plow close and even. We don't want any cut and cover when breaking for alffilfa. Follow each day's breaking with the plank drag. This levels down all !umps and prevents the escape of moisture. After the soil has lain in this state for several days, use the disk harrow again. Set it so it will cut down to the mellow earth turned under. When over once with the disk, fol- of Alfalfa. low with the are firming as well Vhen over with the drag soil lay two or three days In opposite directions before with plank drag. Here is where you by attaehlng a harrow to the plank drag. This tachment opens up which the seed will fall, I have nothing better than a for brushing in small seeds. Some soils and localities favor and some spring seeding. On high or rolling land surface drainage is to be prefer September On land where there is an as to the condition of t system I prefer preparing in the fall and seeding the spring as the soil will do If fall sowing is best you got- start of all weeds that come up fore frost; the more the frost kills them down a fine mulch for the young plants during winter. If spring sowing is best in locality, you will have more weeds: but do not li season, as the young plant the nourishment they can the air, and this their leaves which are their Some wltI say: "Oh. the will take it." Sow enough seed take the weeds. :' The proper the first blossoms appear. stands longer the stalks become and many of the leaves .' handling. If the sun is shining and a wind blows, cut in the fori rake into windrows in and put into small cocks. Let stand till the dew ing morning, then put mow. During rainy weather cap cocks are very good and will themselves the first season's Alfalfa does best crop. Sow only the best, seed. Sow 25 pounds or more seed acre. If there is only half a stand and sow more seed. Do not up. Keep trying. It is one , paying things you ever only a few acres at first you lea how. WEEDING OUT THE 00DEFORMED CHICKS Fowls Possessing Undesirable Characteristics Should Be Thrown Out. There must naturally come a time In poultry raising when a weeding-out process has to be carried on. and the longer it is delayed the greater the  loss. All chickens hatched are not fit to occupy a place in the flock, There is always a percentage that will show some deformity, and on no account should they be tolerated in the flock. But today there are many breeders who will not kill any birds they have bred, especially females, even though they show pronounced deformities. Such a system of breeding hinders very materially the highest develop- ment of a flock. Possibly one bird will have crooked tees, another may be knock.kneed, roach-backed, wry-tailed or crooked* breasted. While some of these de- formities may not interfere with a bird's immediate usefulness, they are very undesirable characteristics to per- petuate In a flock, and some of them, at least, are usually a result of, or combined with. some weakness of con. siltation. Such being the case, every possible kind of deformity should be considered a physical weakness, and it is only by careful discrimination in this dlrectlon that a healthy, produc- tlve flock may be obtained. The best live stock breeders practice severe discrimination against faulty confor- mation d poor production, and there ts Just as much need for the poultry- raiser to follow out the same system, It pays best in the long run. TREES CAREFULLY To Prevent Pea mied Fruits and The pear blight was quite on the western slope a few pear growers both fruit. The season Of the disease t and the fruit now be directed toward the up process. Trees should gone over and all branches sho The cuts should be below the seat o the knife or tool used in should be disinfected into a solution of n part to under the trees s searched for mummled that were infested the ! dropped t0 the the trees should also be all places sho an area of dry should be scra until the live wood Is wards carefully face with ; to two gallons of water. or dead tree branches blight and starts in moved from trees including miss should be earefuIly burned. Sheep Like Rough Food, Owing to the roomy character of the first stomach of the sheep and the flelds to great.strength am, vigor o ts diges- tive system, it can utilize large quart- are efflcienl tries of rough food perhaps better than any other domestic animal. Ne man matter what food of good quality is are Just a available, considerable coarse food v hand. should be. available anyway. gs for Incubator. In charging an incubator with eggs they should be al color. than the O!